The Gujarati Vikram Samvat calendar uses the solar year but divides it into 12 lunar months, each consisting of 29 days 12 hours 44 minutes and 3 seconds. Altogether a lunar year of 354 days 8 hours 48 minutes and 36 seconds.
To fix the lunar months in the solar year (since 60 solar months = 62 lunar months) the practice is to add an extra month called adhik mas or purushottam mas at intervals of 30 months or say two and a half years. In the Gujarati Hindu Vikram Samvat, calendar seasons are according to the Sun, months according to the Moon, and days according to both the Sun and the Moon.
The Gujarati Vikram Samvat calendar is about 56 years ahead of the Christian calendar. This means that if the year is 2015 according to Christian calendar, it will be considered as 2015+56=2071st year in Gujarati calendar. The Vikram Samvat lunar calendar was established by
Emperor Vikramaditya of Ujjain after his victory over Shaka in 56 BCE. (To calculate the current Christian year, 57 years should be subtracted from the Indian year if
The date is between the beginning of the Indian year and the end of the Western year i.e. Kartak Sud between 1st and 31st December. (If the date falls between the beginning of the Western year and the end of the Indian year, i.e. between 1 January and 30 Aso Vad, then only 56 years should be deducted.)
Generally, India has three seasons which are winter, summer and monsoon. They are called Shialo, Unalo and Chomasu respectively in Gujarati language. However, each season also has sub-seasons. They are Vasant (Spring), Grishma (Summer), Varsha (Monsoon), Sharad (Autumn), Hemant (Before Winter) and Shishir (Winter).
Gujarati Hindu Calendar is a part of every Gujarati’s life. While the Christian calendar is very practical on the job/business/professional front, when it comes to spirituality or faith, when it comes to fairs and festivals, when it comes to identifying auspicious days and holy schedules, the Gujarati calendar is followed. .